I really love a good face scrub. Whether it’s after a long day or a great workout, a good exfoliating cleanse just feels so refreshing. But what happens to the scrub after you wash it off your face? Where do those little beads end up after traveling down your sink drain?
Microbeads, the plastic particles in beauty products that are meant to exfoliate and massage our skin, have been under fire for polluting our oceans and posing a health risk to marine life. They are so tiny that they are slipping through water filtration systems. A leading force in the fight against microbeads has been the 5 Gyres Institute, who launched a 2013 study which revealed that 600,000 microbeads per square kilometer were found in the Great Lakes (Lake Superior, Lake Huron, and Lake Erie in the midwest). 5 Gyres also estimates that one single beauty product could contain over 300,000 microbeads, as such with Neutrogena’s “Deep Clean,” which contains 360,000 in one tube! Not only are microbeads polluting our bodies of water with plastic, but marine life are consequently consuming them- the same marine life we harvest for food. Yuck.
Last week, New York’s attorney general Eric Schneiderman proposed the Microbead-Free Waters Act, which could become the country’s first ever ban on microbeads. A few days later, California Assemblyman Richard Bloom introduced the same bill. If passed, the act would prohibit the production, manufacturing, distribution and sale in New York and California of any personal care items containing plastic particles less than 5 millimeters in size (which is about the size of a pea). In turn, this would nudge companies to find alternative ingredients to incorporate into their products. Some companies like Burts Bees and Yes To already use natural exfoliants in their scrubs like jojoba beads, almonds, oats, and bamboo.
In light of this new legislation, Johnson & Johnson, P&G, Unilever, Colgate-Palmolive, and The Body Shop have all announced that they hope to phase microbeads out of their products as early as 2015. I doubt they will be discontinuing their popular scrubs, but rather re-releasing them with new formulas. This will hopefully lead to more natural products and a healthier environment.
How can you tell if your favorite scrub contains microbeads? If it does, you will see Polyethylene or Polypropylene listed in the ingredients. If you have a smartphone, you may find it helpful to download the app Beat the Microbead, which lets you scan barcodes to discover if a product contains the plastic culprits, as well as search by brand and product type. You can download the app and find a comprehensive list of products that contain and omit microbeads at BeatTheMicrobead.org.
Do your face products contain microbeads? Will you be switching to a plastic-free skincare routine?